Dr. Parvani Rekhi
Oyster mushroom (Pleurotus sp.) belonging to Class Basidiomycetes and Household Agaricaceae is popularly often called ‘dhingri’ in India and grows naturally within the temperate and tropical forests on lifeless and decaying picket logs or generally on dying trunks of deciduous or coniferous woods. It additionally grows on decaying natural matter and the fruit our bodies of this mushroom are distinctly shell or spatula formed with completely different shades of white, cream, gray, yellow, pink or mild brown relying upon the species. It is without doubt one of the most fitted fungal organisms for producing protein wealthy meals from numerous agro-wastes or forest wastes with out composting. This edible mushroom was first cultivated in Germany by Flack in the course of the yr 1917 on bushes stumps and wooden logs and rising expertise was later designed in USA by Block, Tsao and Hau. Cultivation of various types of oyster mushroom was initiated in India within the early sixties and industrial cultivation was started in mid-seventies. These are cultivated all through the world for producing flavoring and fragrant with medicinal stuff, lignin and phenol, degrading actions, antimicrobial actions and antioxidants immune- enhancing actions and producing secondary metabolites comparable to terpenoids, alkaloids and phenols. It’s the third largest cultivated mushroom and China is the world largest in producing oyster which contributes practically 85% of the world complete inhabitants of about million tonnes. Dietary advantages of Oyster Mushroom
Dietary worth of oyster mushroom can also be considerable. 3.5 oz. of oyster mushroom gives 38 Energy and include, 15%-25% of Protein, 2.2g of Fats, 6.5g of Carbohydrate, 2.8g of Fiber, and in addition comprises Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) 0.56 mg, Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.55 mg, Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 12.2 mg, Phosphorus 140 mg, Calcium 28 mg, Iron 1.7 mg. Comparatively it’s excessive in fiber, low in carbohydrate and fat which make it extra potential for regular folks and sufferers. Oyster mushroom helps in fixing the issues of malnutrition and illness. Its protein content material is second to legumes and high quality is sort of equal to animal derived protein. Low fats content material of oyster is usually of the wholesome unsaturated varieties. It comprises the minerals primarily required by the human physique, comparable to calcium, phosphorous and iron, in twice the quantities contained in beef, pork and hen meat. It has the best content material of Vitamin B1 and B2. It’s wealthy in folic acid content material which may forestall and remedy anemia and 5 to 10 instances richer in niacin than every other vegetable. Oyster mushroom can also be appropriate for folks wishing to cut back their weight. It’s also used to loosen up muscle tissues, to withstand leakage of blood vessels and in strengthening of veins and leisure of the tendons. Oyster mushroom additionally comprises many nutritional vitamins (B, D, C, Ok), minerals, hint components (Na, Cr, Cu, I, Se, Zn) and a few fatty acids. Past doubt, the oyster mushroom discovered to have optimistic affect on the organism and is taken into account as element meals of nutritious diet.
Well being advantages of Oyster Mushroom
The consumption of oyster mushrooms can assist in ameliorating & stopping many illnesses like: liver illnesses, excessive blood ldl cholesterol degree, kidney issues, diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart illness, gastric cancers, impaired immune response, hepatitis B, persistent fatigue syndrome, microbial an infection
Scale back Levels of cholesterol: – Oyster mushroom have been proven to decrease ldl cholesterol naturally in each animal and human research. A research performed on animals confirmed that oyster mushroom decreased levels of cholesterol by 37 % and lowered triglycerides by 45 %. One other research performed in 2007 confirmed that diabetic sufferers who got oyster mushrooms confirmed a big discount in levels of cholesterol. As well as, oyster mushrooms are a great supply of fiber which is thought to enhance coronary heart well being and reduce the chance of heart problems.
Strengthen immunity: This mushroom possesses antioxidants like selenium, which helps to guard the cells from harm that may result in persistent illnesses, by serving to in strengthening the immune system.
Increase mind perform: Oyster mushroom is wealthy in niacin (vitamin B3), an necessary nutrient that proven to decrease the chance of Alzheimer’s illnesses and age-related cognitive decline.
Decrease irritation: Irritation is the physique’s regular immune response that protects the physique towards infections and illnesses. Then again, persistent irritation is related to an elevated threat of coronary heart illness, most cancers and diabetes and a number of other research have proven that oyster mushroom possesses highly effective anti-inflammatory properties that may assist to manage irritation.
Lower blood sugar ranges: Rising the consumption of oyster mushrooms has been proven to decrease the chance of diabetes. A research identified that oyster mushrooms are wealthy in ?-glucans, a water-soluble dietary fiber which will assist enhance glucose ranges, which may assist in decreasing diabetes threat.
Decrease blood stress ranges: The antihypertensive exercise of oyster mushroom has been proven to decrease hypertension. The presence of ?-glucans in oyster mushroom has been proven to impact blood stress ranges.
Oyster mushroom, has important well being advantages that embody numerous atherogenic lipid and antioxidants in hypercholesterolemia, glucose in diabetes, bile acid secretion and so forth. Though mushrooms are more and more being acknowledged as an necessary meals product for his or her important function in human well being, diet and illness, their consumption in creating international locations is extraordinarily restricted, one purpose most likely being that the well being advantages derived from numerous edible mushrooms are largely unknown to our folks. So, the current doc is simply to generate an consciousness of the helpful results of oyster mushroom
(The writer is Assistant Professor, MS Swaminathan College of Agricultural, Shoolini College)