Mushrooms maintain a particular place in world cuisines, however they’ve additionally carved out a distinct segment as a low-calorie meat substitute for vegetarians and vegans.
Whereas they’re nice substitutes for the style and texture of meat, that’s removed from their solely attraction.
Totally different sorts of mushrooms lend your meals completely different tastes and textures, and so they’re all price attending to know.
So when you can’t go incorrect with a traditional portobello burger, we urge you to get to know the opposite sorts of mushrooms.
From enoki to chanterelles, right here’s what it’s essential find out about a number of of the scrumptious varieties out there to you at shops.
Mushroom Diet Info
Mushrooms are low-calorie however comparatively nutrient-dense, irrespective of which sort you select.
Per 1 cup, mushrooms boast:
Right here’s a take a look at what units 10 several types of mushrooms aside:
Creminis are simply child portobello mushrooms, which is why you might even see them labeled “child bella mushrooms” on the retailer.
These mushrooms have an earthy, typically barely meaty taste, however the standout is their texture.
“You possibly can ‘stretch’ the bottom meat in almost any recipe by including finely stopped cremini or portobello mushrooms,” says Chelsey Amer, M.S., R.D.N.
“Recent porcinis are nutty and earthy, with a young but meaty texture,” says Kara Lydon, R.D., L.D.N.
They’re frequent in Italian and French dishes, however you’ll find that the recent mushrooms are expensive as a result of their brief season and troublesome cultivation, she provides.
Though they maintain up nicely to a variety of cooking types, Lydon says it’s finest to maintain the prep easy to let their taste and texture shine.
The wholesome chef on a funds could need to go for dried porcinis, which aren’t restricted by the brief season.
3. White buttons
“White button mushrooms are excellent for mushroom newbies as a result of they’ve the mildest mushroom taste,” Amer explains. “They’re usually the kind of mushroom you’ll discover on pizza, but additionally go nice in pasta dishes and soups.”
Attempt them on high of our 2B Egg White, Kale, and Mushroom pizza.
Frequent in Japanese, Chinese language and Korean delicacies, “enoki mushrooms appear like lengthy, white noodles with a small button on the finish,” explains Lydon.
She provides that they “take up the opposite flavors within the dish, which is why they’re typically utilized in soups for a flavorful spoonful and a few additional texture.”
Since they’re gentle and barely candy, they need to be added simply earlier than the dish is prepared so that they don’t get overcooked. Attempt including them to hot pot.
Like portobellos, “shiitake mushrooms are additionally a meaty mushroom with an earthy taste,” says Amer.
Which means they can be utilized equally in dishes. They do require somewhat extra prep, although, as a result of the stems of shiitake mushrooms are robust and needs to be discarded earlier than utilizing the cap, she provides.
Shiitake mushrooms may also be a source of vitamin D when the gills (the creases on the underside of the caps) are uncovered to daylight or UV gentle!
6. King Trumpet
King trumpets are often known as king oyster mushrooms. You possibly can eat each the stem and the cap, and so they “give off a powerful and earthy umami taste.”
These mushrooms maintain up nicely to excessive warmth, to allow them to be added to stir-fry dishes and soups and may even be barbecued or grilled.
Since these ‘shrooms boast thick but tender stems, you possibly can slice them into thick rounds and prepare dinner them like scallops!
That is one mushroom that may stand by itself, so contemplate giving it the highlight in its personal dish.
It’s capable of take center-stage due to its distinctive taste; Amer explains that they’re “typically described as ‘woodsy’ due to their hearty taste.”
You’ll discover these “wild” mushrooms in most supermarkets as of late. Attempt them grilled or broiled for additional taste.
“As a result of their distinctive earthy, woody, and typically spicy taste, chanterelles are extremely wanted by cooks around the globe,” notes Lydon.
Fortunately for the remainder of us, they’re out there canned.
That offers them one other benefit: “Chanterelles have a chewy, meaty texture, however the stems might be robust to eat,” however canned variations are softer.
Lydon additionally notes that chanterelles (like all mushrooms) take up fats like tasty little sponges.
Swap them into our egg white omelet with mushrooms for a connoisseur but easy morning meal.
9. Beech mushrooms
Beech mushrooms are one other selection that needs to be added on the finish “to keep up this distinctive texture,” says Amer.
Consider us; you’ll need their style and texture to stay largely unchanged!
Amer explains that’s as a result of “beech mushrooms have a sweeter style and crisper texture than most different mushrooms.”
“Morels have a deep, earthy, nutty taste, with a chewy, meaty texture,” Lydon explains, and appear like a honeycomb.
“Morels work nicely in a savory sauce that can carry out a extra umami taste,” she provides. You’ll get an excellent savory sauce in the event you select morels for this hearty mushroom gravy.
They’ll pair nicely with each wealthy components, like crimson meats, and lighter ones, equivalent to asparagus.